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Select & Teach The Simple & Complex Skills In Sport

"Skill" can be defined as the learned ability to bring about a pre-determined result with maximum certainty and maximum efficiency. "Technique" refers to the way in which a skill is performed, the successful movement of the body to achieve a specific activity. A skilled performance does not depend simply on the physical ability of the player and their technique: it also depends on their ability to think, interpret and select. It involves the player in decision-making. Selecting a Skill

In selecting a skill to teach, coaches need to consider the following:

  • What are the stages of learning and growth and development of each player?
  • What skills are important for players to learn to have success performing them, to have fun and to be safe?
  • What are the basic movements that underlie these skills? Classifying Motor Skills

Simple and Complex Skills

A simple skill is one that can be learned with very little practice and has few parts to it. It can be taught as a whole activity. A complex skill takes more time and effort to acquire because a number of different movements make up the skill.

Open and Closed Skills

This refers to the predictability of the skill performance and environment. A closed skill is one where the options are few and largely constant. For example, a kick to touch from a penalty. An open skill is one where there are a number of variables which demand the player's attention. The environment is constantly changing and unpredictable and there is limited time to make decisions and produce the actions required of a skilled performance. For example, in passing the ball, the player must be aware of opponents and teammates as well as the act of passing the ball.